menu

MarketData

Liquidity Cheat Sheet

Nov 17th 2021

Money continues to surge in the system - Liquidity Cheat sheet-Nov 21

linkedIn Logo
 
twitter logo

System liquidity rose by around Rs 1188 billion month on month and was at a surplus of Rs 8285 billion as of 15th Nov 2021. Reverse Repo stood at Rs 9.36 trillion. Currency in circulation rose by Rs 363 billion on monthly basis in Nov 2021(as of 5th Nov).

author dp
Subhasis Mishra

Total Forex reserves stood at USD 640 billion as of 5th Nov 2021. RBI bought net amount of USD 7.91 billion in Sep 2021 and has cumulatively bought USD 40.43 billion during Apr-Sep 2021. RBI publishes fx data with a one-month lag.

RBI net outstanding forward purchases remained unchanged at USD 49.60 billion as of Sep 2021 from net forward purchase outstanding as of Aug 2021.

System liquidity rose by around Rs 1188 billion month on month and was at a surplus of Rs 8285 billion as of 15th Nov 2021. Reverse Repo stood at Rs 9.36 trillion. Currency in circulation rose by Rs 363 billion on monthly basis in Nov 2021(as of 5th Nov).

The ICDR as of 24th Sep 2021 was 49.78%, credit grew by Rs 7074.26 billion, year on year, while deposits grew by Rs 14209.74 billion. Banks have to maintain CRR of 4% at present and SLR of 18.00%, and ideal ICDR for liquidity neutrality for banks is around 75%.

       

Liquidity Cheat Sheet

 

The Liquidity Cheat Sheet is for assessing system liquidity and the drivers of system liquidity.

System liquidity is defined as bids for Repo, Reverse Repo and Term Repo/Reverse Repo LAF (Liquidity Adjustment Facility), Long Term Repo Operations (LTROs)/Targeted Long-Term Repos Operations (TLTROs) auctions held by the RBI. Drawdowns from MSF and Export Credit Refinance Facility are the other constituents of system liquidity. 

The need for liquidity is largely driven by the requirement to maintain CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio) balances with the RBI. Deficit system liquidity suggests that banks require to borrow from RBI to maintain CRR balances while surplus liquidity suggests that banks have excess funds over and above maintaining CRR balances.

The drivers of system liquidity include Currency in Circulation (outflows), RBI fx purchase (inflows)/ sales (outflows), RBI OMO sales (outflows)/purchase (inflows) and government surplus (outflows)/ deficit (inflows).

Currency in Circulation is money going out of banking system and being held as cash by the public. For example, if you draw cash from an ATM, money goes out as cash. Currency in Circulation is determined by need to hold cash for transactions and cash held as black money. Inflation affects need to hold cash as value of goods and services increases due to inflation.

RBI purchasing USD adds INR liquidity while USD sales lower INR liquidity as the central bank pays or receives INR for buying/selling USD.

RBI selling bonds through OMO takes out liquidity as markets pays RBI for buying bonds while bond purchases through OMO infuses liquidity as RBI pays the market for buying bonds. Maturity of RBI forward sale/purchase contracts also affect system liquidity.

Government surplus is money kept with the RBI while government deficit is money borrowed from the RBI. Government surplus is liquidity negative as money goes out of banking system into government account with RBI. Government deficit is liquidity positive as RBI lends money to government through WMA (Ways and Means Advances) facility. Government spends money by drawing down on WMA and that adds to banking system liquidity.

Others include IPO inflows that add to bank deposits, spectrum and other license auctions that add to government cash balances and MSS (Market Stabilization Scheme) that takes out liquidity from system as market pays for purchasing MSS bonds.

Advance tax payments goes out of banking system into government account with the RBI every quarter i.e. 15th of June, September, December and March.

Government bonds that mature and come up for redemption adds to banking system liquidity as money goes from government to holders of the bonds.

Government pays interest of around Rs 4000 billion every year and that adds to system liquidity.

 

Liquidity Operations (In INR Billions)

Liquidity Operations

 

 

 

(In INR Billions)

 

 

 

Liquidity Adjustment Facility

Amount Outstanding

Amount Outstanding

Amount Outstanding

Liquidity Adjustment Facility

16-09-21

14-10-21

15-11-21

     (i) Repo

0

0

0

     (ii) Term Repo

0

0

0

(iii) LTRO

-15.3

-15.3

-15.3

(iv) TLTRO

-831.62

-841.12

-844.67

     (v) Reverse Repo

8,352.23

8,175.04

9,362.18

MSS, CMB Bonds Outstanding

0.00

0.00

0.00

 Marginal Standing Facility

0.00

-4.50

0.00

Standing Liquidity Facility Availed from RBI 

-266.96

-216.96

-216.96

Liquidity Deficit/Surplus

7,238.35

7,097.16

8,285.25

Incremental Liquidity Deficit/Surplus

-69

-141

1188

Liquidity Drivers

19th Aug 2021-16th Sep 2021

17th Sep 2021-14th Oct 2021

15th Oct 2021-15th Nov 2021

Growth in Currency in Circulation

-211.95

-96.46

363.34

RBI FX Operations USD Billion

49.60

0.00

0.00

RBI FX Operations Inflow/Outflow INR Billion

3,049.80

0.00

0.00

 RBI OMO Sale

0.00

-300.00

0.00

 RBI OMO Purchase + Government Repurchase

250.00

300.00

0.00

Government Surplus/Deficit

0.00

0.00

0.00

RBI Fx Forward Sales (-)/Purchase (+) Outstanding USD Billion

0.00

0.00

0.00

RBI Fx Forward Inflow/Outflow INR Billion

0.00

0.00

0.00

Inflows/Outflow from Government

0.00

0.00

0.00

Adjustment*

-3,157.33

-44.73

824.75

Net Inflow/Outflow of Liquidity

-69

-141

1188

 

 

Disclaimer:
Information herein is believed to be reliable but Arjun Parthasarathy Editor: INRBONDS.com does not warrant its completeness or accuracy. Opinions and estimates are subject to change without notice. This information is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. The financial markets are inherently risky and it is assumed that those who trade these markets are fully aware of the risk of real loss involved. Unauthorized copying, distribution or sale of this publication is strictly prohibited. The author(s) of the content published in the site INRBONDS.com may or may not have investments in the assets discussed in the pages/posts.

Copyright © INRBONDS.com by Arjun Parthasarathy 2021

report image

Government Overdraft Leads to Surging Liquidity - Jan 2020

Jan 12th 2020

Paresh Nemade

report image

Liquidity drops on advance tax outflows - Liquidity Cheat sheet-Mar 21

Mar 23rd 2021

Subhasis Mishra